Resistances and rebels, underground networks, sabotage, spies, special agents . . . They are this wonderfully exciting, blood stirring movement against tyranny and injustice. It's what we love about them. It's what makes them great. But what really makes rebels and resistances truly great? How can you write about a realistic resistance without them being merely a group of impassioned, angry people rioting in the streets?
What better place to find these answers than the world's amazing history?
After studying famous resistances in history, I found that the most effective resistances had three things in common.
Authority and Leadership
Networks and Cells
Authority & Leadership
During WWII, the Special Operations Executive was in charge of training and sending British agents into France to help the French Resistance. These agents communicated with England, took in weapons drops, spied on the Germans, and were involved in espionage, reconnaissance, and sabotage, etc. The SOE was organized, run by a group of intelligent, military individuals, had a great deal of resources at their convenience, and was basically run by the government.
The French Resistance on the other hand was a group of armed individuals from all walks of life, everyone from high society to the farmer. They were the blood and guts of the operation. Guerrilla warriors, providers of first-hand information and intelligence, they helped Allied men and women escape back to England, and had a great deal to do with the Allied invasion of Normandy. Though both the SOE and the French Resistance made costly mistakes, they were considered successful in the outcome of WWII, and there's an important lesson here about the reality of effective resistances.
The SOE and the French Resistance would never have been as effective without each other. They needed each other. The French because they supplied invaluable information to the British about German movements, factories, etc, and supplied the blood and guts needed to get the jobs done. But the French needed the British to supply them with the radios, agents, weapons, and explosives they needed to get their end of the job done.
Realistic resistances need firm leaders who can take an objective look at the big picture. And that's what the London based SOE office could do. They could take in all the reports from every Resistance circuit, put together little bits and pieces of information and therefore have a bigger and better picture of what was going on, and be able to direct and control and command from a better viewpoint.
Resistances need thinkers and they need doers to be successful. The thinkers need not be any less impassioned, in fact, they may be just as impassioned, they just use their skills differently. They cannot all be gun-wielding partisans. Someone has to stand back and be in full command. There must always be a larger, stronger, smarter someone behind everyone else.
In The Hunger Games, the resistance leaders were adult men and women who exercised stealth and intelligence when planning to arise from the wood works of Panem. They were a very large force with thinkers and doers, with Katniss as their poster girl. Everyone knew Katniss and regarded her as their one true leader, but there was something bigger working behind her.
For any resistance to be effective they need:
- A defined headquarters and a defined group of individuals who are the unquestionable leaders. These leaders never fight and never go into battle.
- They also need help, outside resources provided to them. They can work on their own and slowly achieve their goal, but ultimately if they want to be effective, they need help from outside sources.
- They also need the doers, the blood and guts people who do the field work and take all the risks. These are always the glorified ones while the leaders in the offices are often looked down upon. Don't be sidetracked by this. They both need each other to get their work done and save the world.
Your resistance may be different. It may be small, it may not have the luxury of outside leadership and resources, with only one or two leaders, and that's ok. What you need to make sure is that your small resistance is NOT functioning as a large resistance. Doing this will only make it unrealistic and harder for your reader to believe.
I'll be back later this week with the next step in creating a Realistic Resistance, so stick around!
PART 2 - Networks & Cells
PART 3 - Meaningful Defiance
Tell me what you think: In what ways is the resistance in your story effective?